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3
TWENTYFOURTH YEAH OF PUBLICATION.
THE
CANADIAN ALMANAC,
AND
•
FOE THE TEAR
18.71,
BEING THE THIRD AFTER LEAP YEAR.
CONTAINING PULL AND AUTHENTIC COMMERCIAL, STATISTICAL, ASTRONOMICAL,DEPARTMENTAL, ECCLESIASTICAL, EDUCATIONAL, FINANCIAL, AND
GENERAL INFORMATION.
THB ASTRONOMICAL CALCULATIONS HAVE BEEN MADE EXPRESSLY TOR THIS PUBLlCATIOlfAT THB MAGNETIC OBSERVATORY IN TORONTO.
TORONTO:
COPP, CLARK <fe CO., 17 & 19 KING STREET EAST.
SOLD BY BOOKSELLERS AND STOREKEEPERS GENERALLY THROUGHOUT THB
DOMINION OF CANADA.
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND—SAMPSON LOW, SON <t CO., FLEET STREET, LONDON.CNITED STATES OF AMERICA—W. K. TUNIS, DETROIT, MICH.
C°PP> Clark 4k Co.. Printer*, 17 & 19 Kiny Street East, Toronto.
. THE CANADIAN ALMANAC,
FOR THE YEAR 1871.
Chronological Cycles.
Golden Number 10
Epact 9
Solar Cycle • 4
Dominical Letter A
Koman Indict ion 14
Julian Period .. 6584
Epochs*
The year 5632 of the Jewish Era begins Sept. 16 1871
The year 1283 of the Mahometan Era begins March 23 1871
The 35th of Queen Victoria's Reign bedns June 20.. 1871The 96th of the Indep. of the D. 8. beins July 4 1871
Fixed and Moveable Festivals and Anniversaries.
Ash Wednesday Feb 22
St. David March 1
St. Patrick March 17
Lady Day March 25
Easter Sunday April 9
St. George April 23
Holy Thursday May 19
Birth of Queen Victoria M'iy 24
WhitMiuday May 28
Midsumnier Uay June 24
Michaelmas Day Sept. 29
Birth of Prince of Wales Nov. y
St. Andrew Nov. 30
CHRISTMAS Dec. 20
Explanation of the Articles of the Calendar.
These pages are calculated for Toronto, Quebec, Fredericton, and Halifax, and for ordinary purposes will serve withsufficient accuracy for every city in the Dominion of Canada.
The times of the SUN'S RISING AND SETTING are given for the upper limb, and are corrected for refraction for Toronto,Quebec, Fredericton and Halifax.
The civil times both for the rising and setting of the Moon's centre are given for every day for Toronto, Quebec,Fredericton, and Halifax.
The column SUN ON MERIDIAN gives the time that a watch should shew when the shadow of a sun dial is en thenoon mark.
MOON'S AGE.—This column shews to the nearest tenth of a day the Moon's age at Toronto Noon.
The column, MOON ON THE MERIDIAN, gives the mean time at which the moon's centre passes the meridian of longitude 4 h 46 m. W. When in the column headed Moon's rising or setting or Moon on meridian the letters A.M. occur,unaccompanied by any number, they denote that the numbers given for the succeeding days relate to the morning,and those for the preceding diys to the afternoon, but that the Moon does not rise or set or cross the meridian (as theease may be) on that day.
The MOON'S MERIDIAN ZENITH DISTANCES are given to the nearest tenth of a degree for a point in latitude 45° andlongitude 4 h. 46 m. W. They are not corrected for parallax or refraction.
The column, UPPER TRANSIT 07 POLE STAR shews for every day the mean time at which the Pole Star mates its uppertransit across the meridian of longitude 4 h. 46 m. W. It passes in the morning from April 9 to October 9, and in theafternoon for the rest of the year. On October 9 there will be a second transit, occurring at lib. 55m. 14s. p.m.
The time at which the lower transit of the Pole Star occurs may be found by adding 11 h. 58 m. 2 s. to the time of itgpreceding upper transit.
The six last columns will serve with sufficient accuracy for the whole of Canada.
From the time of the upper transit of the pole star may be found the time of its greatest western or eastern elongaWon, by adding or subtracting the constants given in the annexed Table.

42°

43°

44°

45°

46°

47°

48°

49°

50°

Constant

h in s5 53 49

,li in h5 53 38

h m s5 53 26

h m s5 53 14

h m s5 53 2

h m 85 52 49

h m s5 52 36

h m B5 52 22

h m g
5 52 8











MOON'S PHASES.—This Table gives the times for the four meridians when the moon passes the geocentric longitudesof 0°, 90°, 180°, and 270° east of the sun. It gives also the times of her greatest and least distance from the earth.
TWILIGHT.—In this table are given the times at which twilight begins in the morning and ends in the evening, f.«.,the times when the sun's centre is 18° below the horizon.
GREATEST ELONGATION OP THE POLE STAR.—This column gives the greatest azimuth of the Pole Star east or west fromthe meridian as observed at a place in latitude 45°. When the greatest elongation corresponding to any other latitudeis required, the number given in the column should be corrected by means of the following table.
— ' —Degrees of Latitude

42°

43°

44°

45°

46°

47°

48°

49°

50°

1st Correction for Degrees

—5' 58"

• V 5"

—2' 5"

V 0"

+2' 12"

+4' 32"

+6' 59"

+9' 34"

+12' 18*

2nd Correction for each minuteof lat 