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HISTORY OF THE MACDONALDS.

ABERDEEN : A. KING AND COMPANY, PRINTERS AND STEREOTYPERS.

>

HISTORY

OF THE

MACDONALDS

AND

LORDS OF THE ISLES;

WITH

GENEALOGIES OF THE PRINCIPAL FAMILIES OF THE NAME.

BY

ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, F.S.A., SCOT.,

EDITOR OF THE "CELTIC MAGAZINE"; AUTHOR OF "THE HISTORY AND GENEALOGIES OF THE CLAN MACKENZIE"; "THE PROPHECIES OF THE BRAHAN SEER"; "THE HISTORICAL ISLES AND LEGENDS OF THE HIGH- LANDS"; "THE HIGHLAND CLEARANCES," ETC., ETC.

PER MARE PER TERRAS.

Inverness : A. & W. MACKENZIE.

MDCCCLXXXI.

PREFACE.

This volume, the second of an intended series of Clan Histories, has proved a stiff piece of work. At first the leading Macdonalds held aloof, thinking naturally enough, perhaps, that no member of another clan could do justice to a history of theirs. As the work progressed, however, I received the most ample and gratifying testimony that any such feeling was rapidly giving place to one of very general confidence in my desire to be impartial.

It would be difficult for a Macdonald to write with a strictly unbiassed mind of the claims variously made to the Chiefship of his clan by the heads of at least three of its leading families. The ancient patriarchal feeling would, it is feared, assert itself, and influence the historic conscience of a clansman in favour of his own immediate Chiefs claim to that high and enviable honour. It is just possible that this feeling may influence the clan verdict as to the strict impartiality of the present performance. In that case I am willing to leave its final determination with the general reader.

It is impossible that a work of such difficulty can be free from errors, but they will not be found of any great importance.

I am indebted to Miss J. Macdonald of Dalchosnie ; Lachlan Macdonald, Esq. of Skaebost ; the Rev. Donald Macdonald, Glenfinnan ; and a few others, for valuable Genealogical notes.

I would like to have added an Index, but as each family is dealt with chronologically, this is the less necessary. A complete Index, where so many names would have to be included, would involve an amount of labour and space which it is impossible to devote to it. There is, however, a very full Table of Contents given, which it is hoped will satisfy most readers.

A. M. Inverness, October, 1881.

CONTENTS.

Origin of the Macdonalds Views of different authorities 1-16

I. Somerled of the isles His father returns from Ireland to the Highlands Somerled appears at Morvern How he secured his Wife Fights Godred, King of Man Secures the Southern Isles for his Sons Invades the Isle of Man with fifty galleys Defeats King Godred Supports Malcolm MacHeth against Malcolm IV., for the Earldom of Moray Enters into a Treaty with the King Supports the " Boy of Egremont" Sails up the Clyde with 160 Galleys Is Defeated hy the High Steward at Renfrew Description of the Battle Somerled Assassinated His Character and Appearance His Marriage and Children Various Accounts 17-29

II. Reginald of the Isles— He and his brother called Kings of the Isles Alexander II. leads an Army into Argyle Defeats the Islanders Introduces Strangers Surnames first appear among the Highlanders— The Earl of Ross receives the whole of North Argyle The families of Isla and Bute Angus of Bute and his three Sons killed Representation of the Family falls to Donald, Son of Reginald The two Families unite by Marriage Great increase of Territory Reginald's liberality to the Church Marriage and issue... 29-34

III. Donald de Isla from whom the Macdonalds derive their name The Clan attains great power and eminence Holds his mainland possessions direct from the Crown The Isles from the King of Denmark Visits Rome and does Penance Liberality to the Church His issue and death in 1289 ... ... ... ... ... 35-37

IV. Angus Mor Macdonald joins Haco Supports the Maiden of Norway as Heiress to the Crown— Grants more Lands to the Church Three great Chiefs of this Family rule in the West The Isles transferred from Norway to the Scottish Crown Marriage, issue,

and death in 1300 37-39

V. Alexander Macdonald marries the heiress of the MacDcugalls of Lorn Receives Extensive Territories in consequence Opposes Bruce Surrenders Imprisoned at Dundonald Castle, where he dies without issue in 1303 39

VI. Angus Og Macdonald supports Bruce Shelters him at Saddel Castle At Bannockburn commanding the Reserve, composed of 5000 Highlanders Assigned for ever the Right of the Royal Army Obtains the Lordship of Lochaber and other extensive Possessions

viii Contents.

These described The Campbells first appear in the West Marriage with an Irish Lady, Peculiar . tocher Origin of various Highland Families The Sleat Historian's Account His Character Origin of the Macleans Mode of Installing the Lords of the Isles Council and Constitution of the Isles Marriage, issue, and death in 1329 ... 39-48 VII. John, First Lord of the Isles Raised the Clan to greater splendour than ever He joins Baliol against Bruce His Objects- Visits Edward III. in England David II. succeeds Enters into a Treaty with John of the Isles— The King grants and confirms im- mense Possessions to the Macdonalds Jt>hn assumes the Title of Lord of the Isles Disputes with the Crown Soon after changes Sides— Full Account by Skene Copy of Treaty with the King The Steward succeeds to the Crown Hits on a Plan to break up the Lordship of the Isles John marries the King's daughter Legiti- macy of his Marriage with Amie MacRuari disputed Disputes among the Sons of the first and second families All the Ancient possessions of the family confirmed by Robert II. Edward III. issues a Com- mission to Treat with the Lord of the Isles direct Haughty bear- ing— Legitimacy of first Marriage discussed and sustained Issue Death and Funeral in 1386 48-60

VIII. Donald, Second Lorl of the Isles Enters into an Alliance with the English Court against the Scottish King Claims to be an Independent Prince Visits the English Court repeatedly Treated there as an Independent Sovereign Rebels His Power, Capacity, and Influence Marries the Daughter of the Countess of Ross Claims the Earldom of Ross -Invades it with 10,000 Men Defeats Angus Dubh Mackay at Dingwall Is in Complete Possession of the Earldom Marches through Moray and Aberdeenshires Fights the Battle of Harlaw Description of the Battle The Duke of Albany follows him to the North Donald retreats to the Isles Gives up his Claim to the Earldom and becomes a Vassal of the Crown Hugh Macdonald's Account of the Campaign Interesting Details Opinions of Skene, Gregory, and Burton, on the origin and results of these Proceedings His marriage, family, and death 1420-1423 60-72

IX. Alexander, Third Lord of the Isles Becomes Earl of Ross on the Death of his Mother, and Acknowledged by the Crown His Character Character of James I. The King marches North to Inver- ness in 1427 Summonses the Barons and Chiefs to attend a Parliament there They are all arrested Many of them put to death The Earl of Ross and his mother imprisoned Alexander of Garmoran be- headed— His possessions forfeited Treacherous Conduct of the King Earldom of Ross forfeited and restored The Earl gets into Court favour Murder of John, Lord] of Isla Causes of new Dis- turbances— James Macarthur and James Campbell hanged for the murder of Isla Details of the Proceedings The Lord of the Isles sent to Edinburgh Soon after liberated Death of the Countess of Ross The Earl again in revolt Marches on Inverness with 10,000 Men Burns the Town Retires to Lochaber Is there defeated by the King's troops Sues for Peace, which is refused The Earl flees and leaves his army to take care of itself— He is pursued and is obliged to sue for mercy Throws himself at the feet of the King in

Contents, ix

a semi-nude condition Is pitied and his life spared Sent to Tan- tallon Castle Donald Balloch leads the Clan to Lochaber and defeats the King's forces Returns to the Isles with a great spoil Afterwards, being pursued, flees to Ireland The Earl set at Liberty Receives a Pardon and is Reinstated in his Titles and Possessions Skene mistaken as to Donald Balloch's relationship to the Earl- Ruse played upon the King respecting Donald Balloch's death, who fled to Ireland Description of the Highlanders Death of the Earl of Caithness, his retinue, and over iooo of the King's troops Inter- esting details by the Sleat historian The Earl made Justiciar of Scotland Is revenged on theCamerons for going over to the Royal Standard in Lochaber— Cameron of Lochiel forced to flee to Ireland and his lands bestowed, On John Garve Maclean Marriage Legi- timacy of Celestine .of Lochalsh, and Hugh of Sleat discussed The Earl's marriage and issue His death in 1448 ... ... ... ... 73-89

X. John, Fourth and Last Earl of Ross and Lord of the Isles Rebels against tbe Crown— -Seizes the Castles of Inverness, Urquhart, and Ruthven Declares his Independence of the Crown Cause of his Extraordinary Conduct The King assassinates Dou- glas with his own hand The Battle of Arkinholme The Earl of Ross sends an expedition of 5,000 under Donald Balloch to Ayrshire Meets with little Success But carries home a large spoil -Attacks the Bishop of Lismore and slaughters his attendants Entreats for- giveness— Refused Time granted him to show his earnestness In 1457 he is Warden of the Marches He joins the King at the Siege of Roxburgh with 3,000 men Offers to precede the King's Army in the March to England by 1000 paces Attends a Parliament in Edin- burgh shortly after Soon in Rebellion and in League with the Doug- lasses and the English King In 1461 he grants a Commission, as an Independent Prince, to certain parties to confer with the King of England They meet at Westminster and conclude a Treaty to con- quer Scotland, for which the Earl and his friends are to get consider- able sums Burton's description of these Negotiations The Earl raises the Standard of Rebellion Places a large force under the Com- mand of his bastard son, Angus Og and Donald Balloch He is proclaimed King of the Hebrides Takes possession of Inverness Invades Athole Storms Blair Castle Plunders the Sanctuary of St. Bridget, and attempts to set fire to it Takes the Earl and Countess of Athole prisoners to Isla His galleys sunk with the booty Makes penance in an ignominious garb with many of his followers- Releases the Countess The Earl assumes royal prerogatives over the Sheriffdoms of Inverness and Nairn He is Summoned before Parlia- ment for treason Does not appear Is ultimately forfeited in his titles and estates in 1475, and declared a traitor Large forces sent into his territories He sues for pardon and surrenders Is again pardoned and the Earldom of Ross and the Lordship of the Isles are in 1476 restored to him He immediately surrenders all, and is created a Baron Banrent and Peer of Parliament by the Title of Lord of the Isles The Earldom of Ross inalienably annexed to the Crown The new titles secured to his two bastard sons, Angus and John Angus soon after Rebels against his father, and is supported

x Contents.

by the Clan Interesting details by the Sleat Historian The Earl of Athole sent North to reinstall the Earl of Ross, overthrown by Angus Og, but is defeated with great slaughter Two other expe- ditions follow Angus completely established in power by the vic- tory of the Bloody Bay Description of this Naval engagement The bastardy of Angus proved But he wielded the power of an heir-apparent Assassinated at Inverness about 1485 The Lord of the Isles again in Rebellion Enters into a Treaty with Edward IV. Alexander, Son of Celestine of Lochalsh, holding rank as heir to the Lordship He invades the Mainland Attacks the Mackenzies— Ori- gin and results of the Quarrel The Battle of Park The Macdon- alds completely defeated Full Account of the Battle Pursuit and slaughter of the fleeing Macdonalds The Mackenzies punished by the Crown for their excesses This Insurrection cost the Macdonalds the Lordship of the Isles forfeited to the Crown in 1493 The Earl surrenders everything and becomes a Court pensioner in the King's household Alexander of Lochalsh repeatedly asserts his Claim to the Earldom of Ross Government determines that no single family shall again possess it James IV. in 1493 proceeds to the West- Receives the Homage of the Chiefs Grants them Royal Charters Alexander of Lochalsh and John of Isla Knighted The King returns to the Isles with a Military force in 1494 Garrisons the Castle of Tarbert and Dunaverty Sir John of Isla storms Dunaverty and hangs the Go- vernor from the walls in sight of the Royal Fleet Is apprehended with four of his Sons Tried and executed for treason in Edinburgh Two of his Sons escape to Ireland Macleod of Lewis and Macian of Ardnamurchan submit The King returns to the Isles in 1495 Holds a Court in Ardnamurchan Several Chiefs submit Young Mackenzie and Mackintosh taken prisoners to Edinburgh Chiefs of Clans made Responsible for their followers Several agree under heavy penalties to abstain from mutual injuries Sir Alexander of Lochalsh invades Ross Defeated by the Mackenzies and Munroes at Drum- chait Assassinated by Macian of Ardnamurchan Mackenzie and Mackintosh escape from Edinburgh Castle Captured, and Mac- kenzie slain in the Torwood by Buchanan The King in Kintyre in 1498 The Macleods of Harris and Lewis make Homage— The King returns— He is again back in Argyleshire Severe policy resolved upon The King violates his previous promises Revokes Charters previously granted by himself Most of the Earldom of Ross let on lease to Argyll, who receives a Commission of Lieutenancy over it The Macdonald lands in Lochaber, Duror, and Glencoe, awarded to Strangers The Royal expedition described by Skene Emporium for Shipping established at Tarbert Most of the Chiefs again submit Sir John of Isla holds out His Possessions forfeited to the Crown The Earl's marriage and death in 1498

Donald Dubh of the Isles Son of Angus Og, a prisoner in Inchconnel Castle Declared a bastard in various Acts of Parlia- ment— Death of Earl John's Sons Various Claimants to the Lord- ship on the Death of the last Lord of the Isles Donald escapes from Prison Is recognised and proclaimed Lord of the Isles by the West- ern Chiefs The Legitimacy of his birth considered Influence of his

Contents. xi

escape on the Island Chiefs Causes which led to Donald Dubh's In- surrection fully discussed The Islanders advance into Badenoch Various Expeditions to the Isles The King leads one in person Confederacy of the Island Chiefs under Donald Dubh broken up Macleod of Lewis holds out, and is forfeited Donald Dubh again a prisoner for 40 years in Edinburgh Castle The King introduces new Laws into the Highlands Curious arrangement for Educating the People Great Reform in Consequence Sheriffdoms conferred throughout the North, and Courts of Law established Huntly . appointed Governor of Inverness and Inverlochy Castles Conditions as to strengthening these Strongholds Huntly Supreme in the High- lands— Sir Alexander of Lochalsh's children fall into his hands Donald Gallda a favourite at Court Is allowed to inherit his father's estates Unfortunate Position of the Macdonalds generally The Highlanders take a prominent part in the battle of Flodden Donald Gallda knighted on the field by the King Description of the Battle

t Effect of the Scottish Defeat on the Nation at large 122-136

Sir Donald Gallda Leads the Islanders in another Rebellion The Castles of Urquhart, Dunskaich, and Cairnburgh seized, and the Country wasted Sir Donald proclaimed Lord of the Isles Arrang- ments to suppress the Rebellion More peaceful measures follow The Chiefs come in, except Maclean of Duart, Macleod of Lewis, Alexander of Isla, Sir Donald Gallda himself, and his more imme- diate personal adherents The others pardoned and restored to favour- Sir Donald obtains terms and appears at Court Is again intriguing with the English Rushes into a second Rebellion in 1517 Com- mits several depredations Is repudiated by the other Chiefs Argyll and Maclean of Duart takes the lead against him— Petitions the Privy Council for Extraordinary powers Substance of the Petitions Base Character of Maclean Sir Donald's two sons captured and exe'cuted Grants to the leading Chiefs Sir Donald continues at large in spite of every effort to capture him John Macian rewarded for his loyalty to the Crown during these proceedings But Sir Donald and Alexander of Isla attack and kill himself and his two sons Detailed account by the Sleat Historian Sir Donald's death about 1519 ... 136-150

THE FAMILY OF SLEAT.

I. Hugh, First of Sleat His Ancestry Leads a Body of the Island-

ers to Orkney Is victorious and returns with a great booty Charter in his favour under the Great Seal in 1449 Marriage and issue Dies about the same time as his father in 1498 150-154

II. John Huchonson Instructed by two Charters Dies in 1502 ... 154-155

III. Donald Gallach's legitimacy questioned He is murdered by his bastard brother, Gillespie Donald Dubh's first Rebellion at this period Marriage and issue I55"I56

IV. Donald Macdonald known as " Domhnull Gruamach" State of the Isles during his. Rule Feuds between the Macdonalds and Macleods Between the Campbells and Macdonalds, of Isla Full details Nine of the Island Chiefs submit to Argyll as the King's

xii Contents.

Lieutenant— Macdonald of Isla appointed leader of all the Mac- donalds Donald Gruamach's marriage, issue, and death in 1534 ... 157-164

V. Donald Gorm Macdonald— Claims the Lordship of the Isles, and

the Earldom of Ross He improves the fortunes of the family Is supported by the Island Chiefs Invades and lays waste Troter- nish Invades the territories of Mackenzie of Kintail Full details of these expeditions He is killed at Islandonain Castle in 1539 ... 164-168

VI. Donald Gormeson Macdonald A Minor under the Tutorship of Archibald the Clerk The King visits the Isles in 1540, with a great fleet Visits all the Islands and the North West The Chiefs submit Many of them taken South prisoners Full details Chiefs soon afterwards set at Liberty on giving hostages The Lordship of the Isles in 1540 annexed inalienably to the Crown Donald Dubh after an imprisonment of 40 years regains his liberty He is received with enthusiasm by the Islanders Is again in rebellion, and with an army of 1800 invades Argyll, killing and plundering his old enemy He is joined by all the Macdonald Chiefs Processes of treason commenced against them Sends Plenipotentiaries to the Eng- lish King Curious Letter addressed to the English Privy Council The Barons of the Isles cannot write their names Donald Dubh leads a large force into Ireland to help the English He receives a large sum of money from England A pension of 2000 crowns per annum is confirmed to him Other remarkable arrangements He returns to Scotland with his followers, who are soon broken up Donald Dubh goes to Ireland and died there He clears the way for the Macdonalds of Sleat as leaders But some of the Chiefs preferred Sir James Macdonald of Isla He is oppossed by others Letter to the English King announcing his appointment as Lord of the Isles It is not acknowledged Sir James drops the title Disputes about the heiress of Macleod Curious Arrangements Feuds between the Macdonalds and the Mackenzies A Settlement by Decree-Ar- bitral— Copy of the Document Further attempts to re-establish the Lords of the Isles given up Chiefs become more estranged among themselves Marriage, issue, and death, in 1585, of Donald Gormeson 168-189

VII. Donald Gorm Mor Macdonald Becomes involved in serious Disputes with the Macleans Conduct of " Uuistean Mac Ghilleaspuig Chleirich "—He gets his Chief into trouble— He is curiously betrayed and cruelly put to death Raid of the Macdonalds to Mull— Treachery of Maclean of Borreray— His dream The Macdonalds defeated at Gearna Dubh— The Macdonalds return with a strong force Again defeated— Donald Gorm and several other Chiefs taken prisoners by the Macleans - Government compels him to release them— The King writes to the Earl of Huntly anent these slaughters— The " General Band" passed— Macdonald and other Chiefs receive remissions in 1589— They in consequence visit Edinburgh, where they are treach- erously seized and imprisoned- Heavily fined and released Harsh Conditions - Harsher Proceedings— Summonses of treason issued Donald Gorm joins Red Hugh O'Donnel in Ireland, against Queen Elizabeth— Returns, leaving his followers behind him In 1596 the Island Chiefs are again obliged to submit to the Royal Authority, and are pardoned— Remarkable Act passed in 1597— Hard Conditions—

Contents. xiii

Lands forfeited in absence of title-deeds Mean motives of the King Lewis, Harris, Dunvegan, and Glenelg forfeited to the Crown Donald Gorm obtains a lease of Troternish The Lowland Adventurers Donald makes advances to Queen Elizabeth Remarkable Communi- cation— Lennox and Huntly appointed Lieutenants of the Isles Serious quarrels between the Macdonalds and Macleods— Great bloodshed— Cause— The Macdonalds invade Harris The Macleods waste North Uist Affair at Kiltrynad between Rory Glas Macleod and Donald Maclan Mhic Sheumais Both Clans on the verge of Ruin— Battle at the Coolins The Macleods overthrown Reconcili- ation affected Humiliating Conditions agreed to by the Western Chiefs in 1608 The Statutes of Icolmkill in 1609 Donald Gorm finally agrees to assist in keeping order in the Isles -Rebellion of Macdonald of Isla More humiliating Conditions for the Island Lords Provisions as to Education Act against excessive drinking Quantity of Wine allowed to the Chiefs Not allowed to wear arms The Macdonalds and Mackenzies on friendly terms Curious in- stance— Donald Gorm's Marriage, and death in 1616 189-213

VIII. Sir Donald MAcdonald served heir to extensive possessions Disputes between him and Macleod of Dunvegan settled He, with other Island Lords, agree to maintain the Parish Kirks— Impor- tation of Wine to the Isles prohibited Reason for this Donald continues loyal throughout Created a Baronet in 1625 Opposes the Covenanters Receives a letter from the King Marriage, issue,

and death in 1643 ... 213-215

IX. Sir James Macdonald joins Montrose Sends a body of men to assist Charles II. in England They fight at the battle of Worcester Sir James after the wars of Montrose retires to the Isles— His Char- acter—He punishes the Keppoch Murderers Receives a letter of thanks from the Government He is fined heavily at the Restoration Sir James a Cavalier of the Period His Marriage, and issue— His Illegitmate son, the distinguished Gaelic Poet, An ' ' Ciaran Mabach"

Sir James' death in 1678 215-220

X. Sir Donald Macdonald joins Viscount Dundee— Taken ill in Loch- aber His heir fights at Killiecrankie at the head of the Clan— Seve- ral leading Macdonalds killed Account of the preliminaries, the battle itself, and what followed The Highlanders mostly go to France Terms made with King William Sir Donald's residence

burnt Marriage, issue and death in 1695 ... ... ... ... 220-223

j/Yl. Sir Donald Macdonald a' Chogaidh Attends the Gathering of the Clans at Braemar He is captured and imprisoned in Edinburgh Soon at liberty at the head of his followers in the North Marches South with the Earl of Seaforth— Lovat's Account of the Taking of Inverness The Macdonalds at Sheriffmuir Sir Donald attainted, and his estates forfeited— His Marriage, issue, and death in 1718 ... 224-230

XII. Sir Donald Macdonald— Dies two years after his father, un- married ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 230

XIII. Sir James Macdonald of Oronsay— His Marriage, issue, and

death in 1723 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 230-231

XIV. Sir Alexander Macdonald during whose life the estates are repurchased by Alexander Mackenzie of Delvine for his behoof

Contents.

Full Details of these Arrangements— William the Tutor His share in securing the estates His death and funeral— Extraordinary turn- out— Sir Alexander keeps out of the Rebellion of 1745— His letter to President Forbes His Popularity General Character His Lady's great beauty, and popularity His marriage, issue, and death in 1746. 231-239

XV. Sir James Macdonald— A Minor when he Succeeded— He obtains Charters of the forfeited estates Grants an annuity to old Kings- burgh— Visits North Uist on a hunting expedition— Accidentally Shot in the leg Remains at Vallay for several weeks - He becomes a distinguished scholar— General Character— Epitaph on his Grave

His death in 1766 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 239-243

XVI. Sir Alexander Macdonald, First Lord Macdonald— Created a Peer of Parliament Marriage Contract Provision for his Child- ren— His musical and other accomplishments— Offered Letters of Service to raise a Highland Regiment, with the rank of Lieutenant- Colonel The Macdonald Highlanders General Character Unpo- pular with his tenants Conversation with Dr. Johnson Marriage,

issue, and death in 1795 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 243-247

XVII. Sir Alexander, Second Lord Macdonald— Spends large sums on Improvements Erected Armadale Castle— Raised a High- land Regiment His death, unmarried, in 1824 247-248

XVIII. Sir Godfrey, Third Lord Macdonald -A Major-General in the Army— Assumes the name of Bosville —Marriage, issue, and

death in 1832 248-251

XIX. Sir Godfrey William, Fourth Lord Macdonald 251

XX. Sir Somerled James, Fifth Lord Macdonald 252

XXI. Sir Ronald Archibald Bosville, Sixth Lord Macdonald 253

CADET FAMILIES OF SLEAT.

Balranald, Macdonalds of 253-261

Kingsburgh, Macdonalds of 262-276

Castleton, Macdonalds of 277-283

Vallay, Macdonalds of 284-286

MACDONALDS OF GLENGARRY.

Their Position in the Clan— Claims to the Earldom of Ross— Claim of the Macalesters to the Chiefship of the Macdonalds— Glengarry descended from the eldest surviving Son of John of the Isles ... 287-290

I. Reginald or Ranald, progenitor of Glengarry— Division of his

father's Possessions among the Sons of the Respective Marriages The Chiefship Considered— Skene's Arguments and Conclusions at length in favour of Glengarry— Reginald's Marriage, issue, and death in 1419 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 290-298

II. Donald MacRanald— During whose time the Lands of Glengarry reverts to the Crown, and becomes a Royal Residence Marriage and

issue 299

III. John Macdonald— Marriage and issue 299

Contents. xv

IV. Alastair Macdonald, from whom the Family Patronymic— His

name first appears in the Public Records -Marriage and issue ... 299-300

V. John Macdonald -His Marriage and issue 300

VI. Alexander Macdonald —Character of his Wife Discuss ed— Decree against him by Grant of Freuchy— Marriage and issue 300-302

VII. .(Eneas Macdonald— Obtains a Charter under the Great Seal Authorised to hold Courts In Loch carron Marriage and issue ... 302-303

VIII. Donald Macdonald Charter under Great Seal Various Re- tours in his favour Legitimacy of his mother through Celestine of Lochalsh discussed— Legitimacy sustained by the Courts and other Authorities— Agreement between Glengarry and Grant that young Macdonald should marry Grant's daughter— Young Glengarry Refuses— Serious Results to his family— Alleged Acknowledgment of Chiefship in favour of Clanranald— Disposed of— Feuds between Glengarry and Mackenzie of Kintail Various Expeditions and Slaughter on both sides— Full Details —Young Angus of Glengarry's Death and Burial— Angus Illegitimate Change of name from Mac- don<z/rf to Macdon*?// for the first time Glengarry and Clanranald Controversy— Marriage, issue, and death in 1645 ... ... ... 303-332

IX. .Eneas, Lord Macdonell and Arros— Fights with Montrose at Inverlochy Follows him throughout the whole Campaign Joins the Earl of Antrim in Ireland in 1647— Glencairn's Expedition with 300 of his followers Charles I. makes him a Major-General— He is forfeited by Cromwell in 1651 Raised to the Peerage in 1660 - Foists a Quarrel on Inverness in 1665 Curious Nature and Origin of this Quarrel Cool Articles of Agreement proposed by Glengarry Reply and De- fence of Town Council, before the Privy Council Case for the Town in extenso Town has to pay a fine of ^4800 Scots— Act of Privy Council holding Lord Macdonell answerable as Chief of his Clan Contract of Friendship between him and Macpherson of Cluny His Marriage without issue, and death in 1682 332-342

X. Ranald Macdonald of Scotus— Succeeds to Glengarry Mac-

donells of Lochgarry Curious Note Marriage and issue ... ... 342-344

XI. Alastair Dubh Macdonell joined Dundee Position of the Clan at Killiecrankie Character and Appearance of Alastair Dubh Cele- brated for distinguished prowess and valour Standard-bearer to King James Movements after Killiecrankie Entertains Buchan, Graham, and Sir George Barclay at Glengarry He signs a letter to Mar ex- pressing loyalty to King George He soon after joins the Earl at Braemar At Sheriffmuir with 500 of his followers Submits to General Cadogan, and pardoned at Inverness— Created a Peer of Parliament by the Chevalier St. George Marriage, issue, and death

in 1724 344-349

XII. John Macdonald keeps out of the Rebellion of 1745— His fol- lowers and younger son join His eldest son chosen to carry an Address from the Highland Chiefs, signed by their blood, to Prince Charles Captured while on his return and Imprisoned in the Tower of London Conduct of the Glengarry men during the Campaign They refuse to charge at Culloden— Their excuse Considered— Prince Charles sleeps in Glengarry Castle the night after the Battle— Acci-

xvi Contents.

dental Death of his son, Colonel .Eneas, in the Streets of Falkirk—

John's Marriage, issue, and death 349-354

XIII. Alastair Macdonell Kept in the Tower until after Culloden— Hisdeathin 1761 354-355

XIV. Duncan Macdonell His Marriage, issue, and death 355-356

XV. Alastair Ranaldson Macdonell Last of the old Highland Chiefs Original for Scott's "Fergus Maclvor " His appearance with his "tail" to meet George IV. on his visit to Scotland in 1822 His general character Impetuous nature Fights a duel and kills his opponent Tried and acquitted by the Court of Justiciary His Marriage, issue, and accidental death in 1828 ... ... ... ... 356-360

XVI. ^Eneas Ranaldson Macdonell 360-361

XVII. Alastair Ranaldson Macdonell 361

XVIII. Charles Ranaldson Macdonell 361-362

XIX. .Eneas Ranaldson Macdonell 362

XX. ^Eneas Ranald Westrop Macdonell 362

CADET FAMILIES OF GLENGARRY.

Scotus, Macdonells of 363-366

Leek, Macdonells of ... 5-24-526

Greenfield, Macdonells of 529-530

MACDONALDS OF CLANRANALD. Origin 367

I. Reginald, progenitor of the family 367-368

II. Allan Macdonald, or MacRanald Died in 1419 368

III. Roderick Mac Allan— Supports the Earl of Ross— Pillages and burns Inverness Fights with Donald Balloch, in Lochaber, in 1431 Joins in a raid to Sutherland His Marriage, issue, and death

in 1481 368-370

IV. Allan Macdonald— Supports Angus of the Isles at the battle of the Bloody Bay Accompanies Alexander of Lochalsh to the Battle of Park Ravages Kintail— Afterwards seeks and obtains Mackenzie's aid against his own relations— Claims Suainart as tenant under John Cathanach of Isla— He has Mackintosh, Macleod, and Mackay, pri- soners in Castleterrim Curious Capture of Mackintosh Narrow

'escape of Allan from the Macleans Marriage, issue, and death in 1509 370-376

V. Ranald Ban Allanson Macdonell Very popular— His Marriage,

issue, and death in 1513 376-377

VI. Donald MacRanald Macdonald— Becomes detested by the Clan for his extreme cruelty and crimes Assassinated and excluded from the Succession in consequence— Alexander Allanson succeeds to the command of the Clan Ranald Gallda's claim to the Succession— His children legitimatised by the Crown 377-378

VII. John Moydartach Macdonald Obtains a Crown Charter in 1531 It is recalled Summons of treason against him Reconciled

Contents. xvii

to the King His Character Illegitimate Birth Taken prisoner by- James V. Ranald Gallda obtains possession John escapes Ranald is deposed Reasons The Clan, under John Moydartach, over-runs Stratherick, Abertarff, Urquhart, and Glenmoriston The Earl of Huntly sent against him John retires to Moydart Ranald Gallda re-instated by Lovat Curious exhibition of Ranald's parsimony— The Clan offended in consequence They again depose him The Battle of Blar-leine Full Account Death of Ranald Gallda Inter- esting details John Moydartach fully established at the head of Clanranald Attacks the Frasers and Mackintoshes Supported by the whole clan Huntly sent against him Fails and returns Disgraced and fined in consequence The Queen Regent visits Inver- ness— Commands John to appear before her He refuses The Earl of Athole sent against him John comes to Inverness Fearing treachery he escapes Attacked on his way by Mackintosh, whom he beats off Becomes reconciled to the Queen Becomes acquainted during a visit to her Majesty, with his second wife John commanded to attend at Fallow-muir Refuses and prevents his retainers and the leading neighbouring chiefs from going The Earl of Huntly again comes north Apprehends some of the Chiefs, two of whom are tried and executed at Elgin John takes shelter in the Isles He and several others are pardoned after the Battle of Pinky Respite Is again in trouble Commission of Fire and Sword issued against him n 1552 Various expeditions against him They all fail Huntly imprisoned and fined heavily— In 1555 John submits and is again pardoned He again rebels The Queen revisits Inverness John Moydartach again manages to keep out of her way He helps Queen Mary to obtain possession of the Castle of Inverness in 1563 Accom- panies her on her return journey Obtains remission for all his past offences General summary Is one of the Council of Donald Dubh of the Isles His brilliant talents and consummate skill as a warrior Alleged illegitimacy of his second son, progenitor of Glenaladale Refutation— J ohn's Marriage, issue, and death in 1584 379-42^

VIII. Allan Macdonald— Kills Keppoch's brother— He is put to the Horn Never pardoned His father's territories never confirmed to him Ill-treats his wife— Consequent feud with her family His Issue,

and death in 1593 402-403

IX. Sir Donald Macdonald— Invades Mull Taken prisoner by Mac- lean—Afterwards joins Glengarry in his wars with Mackenzie Defeats MacNeill of Barra in South Uist Becomes involved in debts to the Crown— Comes under severe Conditions in Consequence— Obtains relief in 1610— Macleod of Sleat obtains the superiority of a great portion of his lands Sir Donald ultimately gets a Crown Charter Disputes with Allan, eldest son of Ranald Gallda, about certain rights \. in Moydart and Arasaig Sir Donald is reconciled to the King

and obtains remission Again in trouble Hard Conditions as to his establishment and residence His use of wine restricted He becomes finally reconciled to, and is knighted by, James VI. His Marriage, issue, and death in 1619 403-408

X. John Macdonald Enters into a contract of fidelity with Glen-

garry— Resigns the superiority of Arasaig and Moydart Various

xviii Contents.

Transactions regarding his lands with Sir Donald Macdonald of Sleat and others Joins Montrose Full Account of his share in the Campaign Interesting Details Distinguished bravery of Young Clanranald After the army is disbanded Clanranald refuses to sub- mit on the conditions offered Retires to Castletirrim Proposes to raise 1300 men to fight for Charles Enters into a bond of fidelity with the Laird of Morar Pays his respects to Charles II. on his landing at Garmouth in 1650 His Marriage, issue, and death in 1670 408-417

XL Donald Macdonald— Joins the Earl of Antrim Embarks to Ire- land with 300 followers Distinguishes himself in several engage- ments there Taken prisoner Released Returns home Grants a Wadset of Moydart and Arasaig to Sir James Macdonald He receives a new Charter His Marriage, issue, and death in 1686 418-419

XII. Allan Macdonald— A minor under the Tutorship of his uncle, Benbecula Meets Dundee and Keppoch at Inverness in 1689 Fights under Dundee at Killiecrankie and throughout the Campaign He refuses to surrender and take the oath of allegiance Escapes to France Enters the French Service Makes the acquaintance of his future wife Her Character They returned to Uist His estates preserved to him— Makes up titles Joins in the Rebellion of 1715 Mortally wounded at Sheriffmuir His noble character 419-424

XIII. Ranald Macdonald In France during the Rebellion— His estates are preserved to him by Mackenzie of Delvine Dies unmar- ried before a pardon is procured, in 1725 The Succession falls to

his cousin of Benbecula Shown how 424-427

XIV. Donald Macdonald— Is at Killiecrankie— Keeps out of the 'Fifteen Disposition to him of the estates -Mrs. Penelope Mac- donald's part in the Transaction— His Marriage, issue, and death in

1730 427-428

XV. Ranald Macdonald— Keeps out of the 'Forty-five— Boisdale's interview with Prince Charles on his first arrival Ranald's marriage,

issue, and death 428-430

XVI. Ranald Macdonald Joins Prince Charles— Interview aboard the Dozitelle Following young Kinloch-moidart's example, Clan- ranald agrees to raise his followers Standard raised at Glenfinnan Takes part in the whole Campaign Narrow escape afterwards from capture by Cumberland's troops Meets the Prince again His Mar- riage under difficulties at Brahan Castle Escapes to France Enters the French Service His wife returns to Scotland to give birth to a Son She dies a few days after her confinement Ranald Attainted with other chiefs in 1746 Escapes through an error in the Act of Attainder His devotion to the Prince His father's resignation in

his favour His Marriages, and issue 430-435

XVII. John Macdonald His travels and education Makes up

titles His Marriages, issue, and death in 1794 435-436

XVIII. Reginald George Macdonald His education Command- ant of the Long Island Militia In Parliament His rental Sale of

the Property His marriages, issue, and death in 1873 436-437

Contents.

XIX. Sir Reginald John James George, now of Clanranald— His Marriage, and issue

437

CADET FAMILIES OF CLANRANALD.

MacEachainn-Macdonalds Glenaladale, Macdonalds of klnloch-moidart, macdonalds of Boisdale, Macdonalds of

438-442 443-456 457-467 468-472

Sanda, Macdonalds of... Keppoch, Macdonalds of Inch, Macdonalds of ... Dalchosnie, Macdonalds of Glencoe, Macdonalds of Darroch-Macdonalds ...

473-478 479-5oi 502-504 505-S23 524-525 531-534

LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS.

Buccleuch, His Grace the Duke of— (large paper)

Bute, The Most Noble the Marquis of— large paper)

Glasgow, The Right Hon. the Earl of

Hopetoun, The Right Hon. the Earl of— (large paper)

Lovat, Right Hon. Lord, Beaufort Castle (large paper)

Macdonald, The Right Hon. Lord, of Sleat (large paper)

Tweedmouth, The Right Hon. Lord— (large paper)

Forbes, Sir William Stuart, Bart., of Monymusk and Pitsligo

D'Oyley, The Marchioness, Paris (6 copies, I large paper.)

Eldon, The Right Hon. the Countess of

Middleton, The Dowager Lady (large paper)

Macdonald, Sir Archibald Keppel, Bart., Woolmer, Hants— (large paper)

Mackenzie, Sir Kenneth S., Bart, of Gairloch

Paton, Sir Noel, R.S.A., LL.D., F.S.A., Scot, Her Majesty's Limner for

Scotland Aitken, Dr., F.S.A., Scot., Inverness Allan, Wm., Esq., Sunderland

Anderson, James, Esq., Procurator-Fiscal for the County of Inverness Audsley, Frank C, Esq., Invergordon

Barron, James, Esq., F.S.A., Scot., Editor of the Courier, Inverness Batten, Mrs. Chisholm, of Aigais and Thornfalcon Beattie, Walter, Esq., Sunderland Blair, Sheriff, Inverness Brown, Horatio S., Esq., Venezia Brown, Neil, Esq., Dunclutha, Greenock Bryce & Son, David, Booksellers, Buchanan Street, Glasgow Burns, William, Esq., solicitor, Inverness Cameron, Donald, Esq., of Lochiel, M.P. Cameron, Rev. Alexander, Brodick Cameron, Miss Isabel Macdonald, Newcastle-on-Tyne Campbell, George J., Esq., solicitor, Inverness Campbell, George Murray, Esq., Ceylon Campbell, J. L., Esq., Broughty Ferry Carnegy, Mrs., of Lour, Forfar Chalmers, P. H., Esq., advocate, Aberdeen Chisholm, Archd. C, Esq., procurator- fiscal, Lochmaddy Chisholm, Colin, Esq., Namur Cottage, Inverness Chisholm, John A., Esq., manufacturer, Inverness Chisholm, The— (large paper) Cluny Macpherson of Cluny, C.B. (large paper)

List of Subscribers. xxi

Clarke, Lieutenant-Colonel J. dimming, late 76th Regiment

Craigie-Halkett, Lt. Duncan, 78th Highlanders

Cran, J., Esq., F.S.A., Scot., Bunchrew

Croal, Thos. A., Esq., F.S.A., Scot., Edinburgh

Darroch, Rev. Charles S. P., Medstead Rectory, Hants

Darroch, Duncan, Esq., of Torridon

Davidson, The late Duncan, Esq. of Tulloch, Lord Lieutenant of the County